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TFT LCD VS AMOLED:What Is Difference Between TFT And AMOLED Screen?

What is TFT Display And AMOLED Display?

TFT LCD (Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display) and AMOLED (Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode) are two types of display technologies commonly used in modern electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, and televisions. While both TFT-LCD and AMOLED displays have their advantages and disadvantages, they differ significantly in terms of design, image quality, power consumption, and cost.

Difference Between TFT And AMOLED Display


TFT-LCD displays consist of a thin film transistor backplane that controls the flow of electrical current through each sub-pixel of the screen. The sub-pixels are made up of red, green, and blue filters that combine to create different colors. The backlight is positioned behind the sub-pixels and provides the necessary illumination for the display to function.

AMOLED, on the other hand, uses a thin-film transistor backplane like TFT-LCD, but instead of a backlight, it has self-emitting pixels that produce light when an electric current is passed through them. Due to the lack of a backlight, AMOLED screens can be much thinner than TFT-LCD displays, making them ideal for devices that require slim designs.

Image Quality:

When it comes to image quality, AMOLED displays tend to outperform TFT-LCD displays in several areas. AMOLED displays offer deeper blacks, brighter whites, and more vibrant colors due to the pixel-by-pixel control over brightness and color. Additionally, AMOLED displays have wider viewing angles compared to TFT-LCD displays, which means that images remain clear even when viewed from an angle.

TFT-LCD displays, on the other hand, have a lower contrast ratio compared to AMOLED displays, which makes blacks appear less deep and colors less vibrant. However, TFT-LCD displays can be tuned to produce more accurate colors than AMOLED displays by adjusting the white point and gamma curve.

Power Consumption:

One of the biggest advantages of AMOLED displays is their low power consumption. Because each pixel in an AMOLED display produces its own light, the screen can be turned off entirely when displaying black, which significantly reduces power consumption. Additionally, AMOLED displays do not require a backlight, which further reduces power consumption.

TFT-LCD displays, on the other hand, require a backlight to function, consuming more power than AMOLED displays. Despite advances in backlight technology, TFT-LCD displays are still less power-efficient than AMOLED displays.

TFT VS AMOLED Durability:

In terms of physical impact, both TFT and AMOLED displays can be vulnerable to cracking or damage if dropped or subjected to significant pressure. The overall durability of a display depends on factors such as the protective glass or plastic cover, device construction, and the user's handling. Over time, the individual pixels in an AMOLED display may experience gradual degradation, resulting in color shifts or loss of brightness. TFT displays are generally more resistant to this type of degradation.


TFT-LCD displays are generally less expensive to produce than AMOLED displays, making them the preferred choice for budget devices. However, the cost of AMOLED displays has decreased significantly in recent years due to improvements in manufacturing processes and increased demand from device manufacturers.

TFT VS AMOLED: Which is Better?

In conclusion, both TFT-LCD and AMOLED displays have their advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between them ultimately depends on the intended use case and budget. TFT-LCD displays are ideal for budget devices or devices that require more accurate color reproduction, while AMOLED displays are perfect for devices that prioritize image quality and battery life. With advances in display technology, we may see further improvements in both types of displays in the future.

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